Elements of design

Among all the constituent elements that together form a complete interior, the most important element is space. The space can be uplifting or frustrating, pleasant or peaceful, depending on the designer’s use of the various elements that make up the whole. In modern times, space is an expensive commodity.

Due to the high proportion and height, the beautiful space of the Gothic cathedral for exsample is a success. Due to the significant increase in construction costs of modern buildings, rooms tend to be smaller and more spacious. In order to give a certain atmosphere or personality to this limited space, designers need more skills. On the other hand, pure space requirements are not enough. The room does not have to be large or memorable to be aesthetically successful. Even in a small structure, the quality and shape of the workmanship can be exciting and beautiful. Space can be regarded as a raw material and needs to be carved with the designer’s tools of color, texture, light and proportions, such as the interior of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome.

Through the visualization of the results, the interrelationships between design elements become clear. Darkness and light. Obviously, any of these modifications will completely destroy the beauty and success of the room. Color is the quality of light reflected from an object to the human eye. When light hits an object, some objects are absorbed, while objects that are not absorbed are reflected. The appearance color of the object depends on the wavelength of the reflected light. However, more important than the clever combination of color values, hues, hues, shadows and all textures are the scientific attributes of color and light in interior design. Even if there are no strict regulations on colors and textures, it is best to remember the famous saying of the modern architect Mies van der Rohe: “Less is more”. However, accepting “less is more” as the sole design criterion would be a serious fallacy. If space never changes, then space is the essence of meaningful indoor space. If there are no private rooms with low ceilings (as opposed to larger, taller rooms) and the rooms are not connected for users to use, the space actually becomes boring. There is a continuous experience from one to the other. If all interior decorations in a given building have the same color, material, and texture quality, it will also cause monotony. People need to change.

Dealing with space is an issue of aesthetics and function. The building requires a small entrance area to prevent wind, cold, heat and rain, but it is also important to create a visual transition from the outside to the inside of the building. The protective walls in the early caves not only expressed people’s desire for smaller and more private personal spaces, but also provided protection from wind and cold. Many of our man-made structures are built with natural materials. It must be remembered that these materials have natural colors and textures and are generally superior to anything humans can make artificially. Skilled designers know the inherent quality and texture of all materials (especially natural materials).

For example, sensitive designers choose simple wood oil to show off the beauty and quality of the wood grain, instead of using the once-popular high-gloss varnish, which tends to cover up and change the texture. Texture is not only important to its appearance, but also its feel and its effect on light absorption or reflection. Rough surfaces or very rough plaster obviously cause discomfort, and depending on the internal use, it can be dangerous inside. Natural light and artificial light are one of the most important design elements, but if the color and texture of the surface are not appropriate, the control and effect of light will be lost. If you take the beautiful spatial qualities of the Gothic cathedral as an example, this space is closely related to the use of light.

Daylight, overhead or daylight sources that are filtered through glass paintings create exciting light and shadow patterns and shadows as well as different intensities and bundles of light. The same principle can be used in all interiors. Contemporary interiors usually have skylights or tall windows to provide changing patterns of light. Artificial lighting is just as important as high light, good overall lighting and the same consideration for diversity.

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